What is Zika virus disease ? How to protect?

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Zika virus is one of the viruses that can have serious effects on humans. It was first discovered in the Zika forests of Uganda in 1947 in monkeys and later in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the federated state of Tanzania. The spread of the Zika virus usually occurs through mosquitoes. which is an important vector in the spread of infection This mosquito is also a vector for dengue and yellow fever viruses. 

What is Zika virus disease (Zika)?

Zika virus is a virus which belongs to the flavivirus family. Same genus as yellow fever virus, dengue virus, West Nile virus. and the JE encephalitis virus. http://ufabet999.com

Source of outbreak of Zika virus

The US CDC has previously warned people not to travel to Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela and Commonwealth of Puerto Rico At present the situation is under control. The outbreak is not as severe as feared. But if anyone has to travel to these countries There is a chance of being at risk of contracting the Zika virus.

In addition, hot and humid areas have mosquitoes. such as Thailand People infected with the Zika virus can also be found. Provinces that have previously found people infected with the Zika virus are Lamphun, Phetchabun, Sisaket, Ratchaburi, Samut Sakhon, Krabi, Phuket and Bangkok.

How is the Zika virus transmitted?

Zika virus is transmitted from sick people. to patients with “Aedes mosquitoes” that are carriers. There is an incubation period of approximately 4-7 days.

Symptoms of Zika virus

  1. Have a fever
  2. Rash on the body, arms, and legs
  3. conjunctivitis
  4. Joint pain, swollen joints, back pain
  5. There may be other symptoms such as fatigue, headaches, and enlarged lymph nodes. or diarrhea

Most of the symptoms are mild. All symptoms may subside within 2-7 days, but if symptoms do not improve after 1 week or are a pregnant woman You should see a doctor immediately.

Differences between Zika virus disease, dengue fever , and Aedes arthritis.

These 3 diseases have very similar symptoms. And there are Aedes mosquitoes as vectors as well. But there are some symptoms that are unique to each disease, such as

Dengue fever usually presents with high fever and severe muscle pain. And when the fever starts to go down There may be serious and acute complications. This may be a warning sign of “bleeding” that is the beginning. And one of the main reasons that causes dengue fever patients to die

Fever, joint pain, mosquito bites In addition to high fever The obvious symptom is severe joint pain in the hands, feet, knees, and back to the point of being unable to carry out various activities. in normal life, such as not being able to get up and walk to work

But for Zika virus disease There are no clear characteristics like dengue fever. and fever, joint pain, mosquito bites But most patients will have a skin rash. and some will have red eyes Because of conjunctivitis

Guidelines for preventing Zika virus infection

  1. Be careful not to let yourself get bitten by mosquitoes. If it is necessary to go to a mosquito-infested area, such as a rain forest, near a standing water source. Slum community area Please apply mosquito repellent, sleep under a mosquito net or stay in a room with a mosquito screen.
  2. Eliminate breeding grounds for Aedes mosquitoes around your residence. Including workplaces and schools, whether it’s pouring water into a saucer for a plant pot. Change the water in vases, overturn basins, tubs outside the home, and put abatite sand in saucers for potted plants. and spray anti-mosquitoes at workplaces and schools.
  3. Pregnant women should receive prenatal care at a hospital. or hospital To have a physical examination at the time specified by the doctor. Prevent abnormalities in your baby.

Even though there is currently no vaccine to prevent it. But the Zika virus is not as scary as you think. If there is good and effective protection against Aedes mosquitoes Therefore, during this hot, rainy season, take good care of your health and don’t let yourself And the person you love has been bitten by a mosquito.